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Uzbekistan

History

Uzbekistan is rich in history. Samarkand was conquered by Alexander the Great. Islam was introduced by Arabs in the 8th-9th century. The most famous leader to come from Uzbekistan is Tamerlane who was born in Shahrisabz south of Samarkand. Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of “white gold” (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry.

Uzbekistan gained independence in 1991, following the break up of the Soviet Union. The country is nominally a democracy, however, since 1991 it has been run by President Islam Karimov.

The country is wealthy in natural resources, yet most of the money is distributed into the president’s ruling circle of friends and political allies. While Tashkent is booming with construction and development, The country’s isolation from the rest of the world in addition to its authoritarian government has left Uzbekistan as one of the poorest and least developed countries in Asia. The country also has the distinction of being the most corrupt former USSR state.

Holidays

January 1 New Year (Yangi Yil Bayrami)

March 8 International Women’s Day (Xalqaro Xotin-Qizlar Kuni)

March 21 Navroz (Persian New Year) (Navro’z Bayrami)

May 9 Remembrance Day, Peace Day or Liberation Day (Xotira va Qadirlash Kuni), remembering that Uzbek troups participated in the Soviet army and that 500.000 Uzbek soldiers were killed in World War II.

September 1 Independence Day (Mustaqillik Kuni), remembering the proclamation of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991

October 1 Teachers’ Day (O’qituvchi va Murabbiylar Kuni)

December 8 Constitution Day (Konstitutsiya Kuni), remembering the proclamation of the first constitution of independent Uzbekistan in 1992.

Holidays in accordance with the lunar year: the dates of these holidays vary according to the lunar calendar.

1) Kurban Khait (Qurbon Hayit)

2) Ramadan (Ramazon Hayit), (Islamic fasting month)

DO's in Uzbekistan

Make it happen

Explore the capital of Tamerlane

Visit Bukhara, Holy land of 7000 saints

Walk in Ichan-Qala Fortress in Khiva

Try Uzbek Food: pilaf, samosa, shurpa, manti, etc.

Watch Kupkari (Ulak) – nomadic horce racing

Explore Sarmish Say petroglyphs (Bronze Age)

See Aralsea, a desert sea bed

Enjoy avant-garde art at Savitsky Museum

Observe traditional silk making

Learn how paper is made from mulberry

Make your pottery ware in Gijduvan

Visit Charvak: artificial lake in Uzbek mountains

Why now is the time to visit Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan’s gems have long been known to adventurous explorers. The Silk Road cities of Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva hold some of the world’s most exquisite Islamic architecture. Hectic bazaars, half-hidden desert citadels, silk workshops and the chance to glimpse the vanishing Aral Sea are all world-class draws, and the country is also a convenient launching...
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Uzbekistan: the most fascinating country you’ve never been to

Uzbekistan hardly stands front and center when it comes to potential holiday destinations. For ATTENTION: From July 15 (2018), the country is pruning some of the red tape that surrounds it. Travellers will be able to visit for up to five days without applying for a visa (so long as they arrive by air and have an...
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Uzbekistan Travel – Top 10 Places to visit

Uzbekistan is one of the fascinating countries in Central Asia and famous for its Silk Road cities of Samarkand and Bukhara.  Twice the size of the UK, it has a rich cultural heritage and a long history steeped in tradition.  You won’t be surprised to learn that it is home to four significant UNESCO World...
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Uzbekistan souvenirs

What’s a trip abroad without souvenirs? Souvenirs are not just gifts for friends and relatives, but also a keepsake, a part of the country which you have visited. In Uzbekistan where culture mixed nomadic and farming traditions you will find a lot of Uzbek souvenirs to be taken with you. What souvenirs can be purchased...
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Uzbekistan Currency – Uzbek Sum – UZS

National currency of Uzbekistan is sum (also som, soum) and tiyin. This currency has been put into circulation in Uzbekistan since 1994 and today is the only means of payment. In circulation there are banknotes of the following value: 100,200,500, 1000, 5000, 10000 and 50000 sums. All the banknotes differ in color. It is mainly cultural and historic monuments...
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Uzbekistan Culture

Uzbekistan Culture: Ancient Heritage Uzbekistan culture is very colorful and distinctive. It has been formed over millenniums and has taken in traditions and customs of various nations settled on the territory of today Uzbekistan. The main contribution to the development was made by ancient Iranians, nomad Turkic tribes, Arabs, Chinese, Russians. Traditions of multinational Uzbekistan reflected...
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Uzbek Food

Uzbek cuisine is one of the most savoury and various in tastes cuisine in Central Asia. Only names of appetizing Uzbek food make one’s mouth water. Plov, manti, shurpa, Kebab, lagman, samsa have such wonderful smell that one can’t resist the temptation to taste all these dishes piping hot. Plov – a pilaf dish, it is...
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Religion in Uzbekistan 

Uzbekistan is a secular state, where representatives of different religions and confessions live together. According to the official data, today there are 2225 registered religious organizations, 16 different religious confessions. This varied ethnic image of Uzbekistan states that there is high tolerance to the issue of religion in the country. The Constitution of Uzbekistan protects...
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Museums of Uzbekistan

Museum of the History of Timurids (also called Amir Timur Museum) was established in Tashkent in 2006. Today it is an important landmark in the city. The grandiose building of the Amir Timur Museum is an example of refine architecture, in the style of the oriental architecture: a round building is topped by a huge blue...
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